04 Jul Understanding PMDD: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Depression, Anxiety and PMDD – Understanding Premenstrual Disorders
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome that affects millions of women worldwide. It is thought to affect approximately 5 to 10% of women of reproductive age. PMDD can have a significant impact on a woman’s quality of life, causing emotional and physical symptoms that disrupt daily functioning. This post explores depression, anxiety and PMDD in detail including its potential causes, and various treatment options available to help women effectively manage the condition and regain control of their lives.
What is PMDD?
PMDD is a hormonal disorder characterised by intense physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the week or two leading up to menstruation and subside shortly after it begins.
Symptoms of PMDD
The symptoms of PMDD are numerous and can vary from woman to woman. They usually begin seven to ten days before menstruation and end a few days after the period starts. The most common emotional symptoms include mood swings, irritability or anger, depression or feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, decreased interest in usual activities (work, school), as well as difficulty concentrating and fatigue.
Physical symptoms can include bloating or weight gain, breast tenderness or swelling, headache and joint or muscle pain. It’s important to note that these symptoms are severe enough to affect normal functioning and quality of life.
The key distinction between PMDD and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the severity of the symptoms and the level of disruption they cause in daily life. PMDD can interfere with work, relationships, and overall well-being, making it essential to seek proper diagnosis and treatment.